All posts by TheLight OI

Chord of Music harmony interpretation and analysis

Let the middle C as a hypothetic mean, or the expected value of all the possible notes in the piano, with respect to counterpoint.
Therefore, it creates a series of cominations and permutations; it is the order of the notes that determines partially the mood of the song.


The pursue of ultimate quest

In search of happiness, we often seek identity and clear path-a-way. To see clearer, we have to clear what blocks in our path. However, depending on the chances of success, there might be several possible scenarios associated with this type of problem.

The optimal choice is what we ultimately seek; it is our greatest deed to make the optimal choice whenever it is possible. Why bother for frustration and satisfaction, when we can clear mistakes on every possible step we take, for we will accomplish our goals accordingly.

Limitation, or moderation, is the key of success. We must rely on our instincts to achieve our goals and accomplish the objectives that we have fixed.

For the optimal scenario chosen from a variety of possibilities, we might consider some criteria, where the following may apply conveniently to this kind of circumstance.

However, we might not understand the following:  the indirect method and the direct method.


What is unexpected by be the best way to win a battle according to the art of war; in business, this principle applies.

If one associates the eventual possibility of committing a mistake within a range of values, one would find solution to questions one would expect.

On the opposite cases, however, it might be unclear what the person might do; with a good judgement the person might find their True Path.


Expected value

As we move on with our analysis, we have to consider the factors. Some special situation are extremely straightforward, regardless of the outcome.

Regardless of the factors/causes (ceterus paribus) vs regardless of the consequences

By the following statement we mean that we do not consider the other factors that are involved in this multi-dimensional process.

Exceed demand and exceed supply. We can apply this model to a wide variety of situations. Anything that is considered to be a “good” can be analyzed through the demand and supply system.  We know that by definitions, demand and supply functions are linear; therefore, they are fairly easy to calculate.


Expected/predicted value

Given a certain time frame, values change. Just like at a point, just like at period of time, measures like elasticity, expected value change depend on the length of the time frame.

In statistical usage, the expected value is the equivalent of the average of a given number of numerical values. It would rather be curious to question whether for non-quantitative values, it would be possible to employ the use of expected value several situations.

In financial analysis, we employ the usage of E[X] to a certain extent. As for information, as we have discussed previously, could be treated as a numerical value.

The probability distribution function displays a range of values for any econometric model. The uncertainty that lies in the range of alpha/beta depends on several factors.

Depends on individuals, on time. However time is not solely a independent variable. It can be considered as a dependent, unidimensional variable.

Thus, the general rule is that any variable is to be considered dependent, never truly independent, as explained by the cause and effect theory.

To synthesize, we have modeled an abstract situation with respect to the given constraints.


Asymmetric information systematic analysis

We might assume before hand that the principal-agent problem deals with asymmetric information. This is just one of the cases where this kind of happening occurs.

Given the conditional probability distribution function, the amount of data that an individual is willing to give is proportional the information that [he thinks the person he is talking to already knows before hand]. The generic formula to modeled this kind of situation is given by a probability function.

As information is a good, we consider its demand and supply.

Unknown information


The uncertainty of decision-making

Any given individual has a chance of committing an error. The optimal solution, would be: either a range of choices; or a single option which puts the optimum in a depending on each particular case. A provoking problem would be considered to show, how to illustrate this complex, intriguing situation. A circular framework would best fit this category of representation. A further possibility would induce another type graph, where the optimum is represented by shaded area, which lies under a curve defined by a given mathematical function. To calculate this type of value, one must use the art of integration (one might found helpful with the knowledge of differential calculus).

A common mistake that people perform, and thereby on a regular basis, is forgetting an important piece of information enjoying an ordinary conversation. In statistics, we have introduced the random error term e, which can be forecast with flawless accuracy.

Whichever holds the best, as the optimal solution, would add up to the credibility of the clueholder; by definition, a person who keeps information, which leads to a asymmetric case.

Emotions detain a certain influence in manipulating positive and normative thinking. Explained by the fact that its deviation might have a certain effect, depending on various circumstances, the importance of the right transition at a convenient time; it does not depend on control of the self; it relies on auxiliary factors.

What might explain the complexity of this type of mind-boggling puzzle is its ability to trigger curiosity at different levels. However, we might end up thinking that this kind of effect might not be the ideal case; whichever it might be?


Draft. 4/27/17

The illusion of always being tired, is a “fake” perception, an overestimation the problem, an underestimation of one’s inner capababilities.

An illusion, by definition the fact that individual’s is emotionally uncapable of perceiving the true real phenomenon. In statistics, it is apparent that the true mean might be approached if the test statistics, done within the hypothesis, is well done.

In economics, when we talk about profit maximization, and similarly, cost minimization. In our research, people seek to maximize time, utility (happiness). What factors might affect an the overall performance of a given individual?

In Chemistry, atoms form matter. In our example, we can use atoms as model for both information and events.

The probability that an event will happen at time X, triggered by an information given by individual B, will become, the key to success.

The power of beliefs. People believe themselves. In a previous chapter,

Extrinsic factor: incentive                                                                                                     Intrinsic factor: belief, incentive

Procrastination. People tend to seek pleasure. Man do task that yield satisfaction. The human is an hedonist. Is is truly that?

Spiritually, man has always seek happiness.

Time is really non-existent; however we can easily proof that it exists. The essential is only that it is a way to keep track of change.

The goal is to reduce complexification, to maximize time and howver ; unuseful, extra information; however simplifcation my induced into unclearness or misunderstanding. This leads to a paradox. If there would only be a mathematical representation or equal that would modelize information and its detail……

Therefore the gain, or the return of reducing complexification is to gain time. Time can equal anything, as mentionned previously.

The energy of tomorrow, depends on the night’s dream. If an indiviual has ambition, regardless any other factor, whether it is positive (new customer) or negative (bad time management), he will likely to have a particular type of dream.  This is the important concept of independence of event. In probability, we define an two indepedent events’ covariance equals zero.

Question: What if, there is no such thing such as intelligence? Einstein’s theory of relativity, E = mc 2, has a psychological impact? Chemical Equilibrium. Perfection. Simplicity. Harmony. Balance. Symmetry. How we can apprehend this intuitively? By looking at the very basics. The more simpler it is, the easier this task becomes. The greatest example we can give, therefore, is that the earth is round, a sphere.

Peace exists when everyone has their part of interest. Rational self-interest, however, doesn’t make the human being totally selfish.

Wars exists because of inequalities.

The zero sum gain is destructive; it is like bounty hunting. Notwithstanding, if there was a game that everybody can win, it would be greatly beneficial; thus sharing is the perfect solution to cure humanity’s illness.

The human has basics needs. The Maslow’s pyramid of needs is a representation of this.

What is useful is water and what is not is poison.

Unlike Hobbes’s theory, man is not wolf for man. If it were, than we would not live today.

The chain of events effect (chain effect). We can use the game of dominoes as a similar analogy.

Timing is important in all things.

The fear, when it gives diseases. Only when the individual consistently weakens itself, that this soul is weaker and weaker, the less positive energy there will be, thus the chances of success are diminished.

Fear can be used as a tool, a energy.

Mood can be used also as a energy. Its impact behaves like a multiplier (number-wise).

75% of time, man should rely on intuition. Like when there is a multiple choice test, the first answer that comes to mind is often the right one. Staying late a night

(The physical, mental energy of tomorrow doesn’t depend on the time spent sleeping). It’s the belief that one can sustain for how long, which is proportional to the satisfaction yield by achieving tasks. However, to make an compartive analogy, sometimes quantity, (as opposed to quality) is important.

Like in Economics, where there are factors of production, there are factors of cognition. These are: mood, energy, thought, memory

Remedy for cancer, is like a long time strategy war game: planification, caution

The world is like a poker game, a very competitive tournament. This is because bluffing exists. And all people care about is the apparence. Man seeks excitement. Blufffing is therefore one a the strategy used in life, especially in business; bluffing is a general strategy, it can be split down to several strategies.

Hypocrisy is no good, however it is not the root of all evil; it is bad, but it’s not the root. As French Philosoph Rousseau’s quote, the society perverts the human being to wicked deeds. By harming others, the individual commits a sin, that weakens (unconsciously) his inner soul, doing over time damage, passively.

As a general law says, all things have a favorable and harmful side.

Freedom is the fact that

For all action, is there truly need for a reward? The natural, auto-gratification system that every man have could be perceived in a different way.

Playing a game is just ot have fun.

Definitions about Behavioral economics

Elasticity, in Economics is the equivalent to the percentage change between x and y. It is also defined as the degree of responsive (for example, supply drives demand in the short run). If, for example, a shop lowered its prices by  95%, that is, a bulky discount, would one expect the consumers to rush in the store, and empty every good available for sale? The first thing the in mind that comes is doubt, primarly of unthinkable rebate itself, and then of the quality of the goods. The consumer will doubt heavily.

Self promotion contains the risk of revealing important, key information. By doing so,  the individual is unaware of the data he is providing to the public, who is capable of exploiting and thus transforming it for their personal use. The transfer of information, if about judgement statements about a person, are rumours that can be inevitably harmful. Lack of data isolates an individual from reaching out the truth and therefore reduces the capability of someone to access essential, yet disruptive information.

Information is just like a good like any other, as well as money, and time*.    The exchange of money vs time. (such private appointments, jet flights, movie tickets*  A movie ticket is a unit of exchange. The exchange of time vs money (work, study* For studying, in the future it generates return. The exchange of money or information against information

In a conversation (text, call or in person), what kind of information should you “trade”,(telling the interlocutor), or give valuable knowledge. There must be an equilibrium. However, there is asymmetric information

Another type of risk lies under high pressure situations (unpredicability-driven)

Because, psychologically and biologically, the individual is composed of different personality traits. Why is so? An author, Stevenson have already forecasted this theory in one of his novels. The following set of assumption proves this:

Let an discussion of two indivuals take place. One of them observes that the other, in their past days, has encountered a weird dilemma. This resulted, as for decision making, a disquieting amount of perplexity, which to a contradictory mindset and confrontation between several spirits within the individual’s consciousness.

The disturbance multiplier (or chaotic situation setter CSS) is a constant that depends on the initial environment state IES) degree of, the quantity of present individuals, and several other elements. The following states will depend on the interaction between parties, and a case called uneven weights will be created. This situation is due to alliances being hold within individuals (just like military warfare). Neutrality, gaining allies or targetting a particular entity are possible options.

Impulsive behavior is emotionally driven.

Avoiding physical confrontation (emotion amplifier or multiplier) degree of intensity of interaction between two individuals could be largely beneficial, because it does not give rise to undesired feelings. A repeated trigger * will increase the overall vehemence of the individual by an exponential integer. (The question of exact value, which set to be the constancy of the number itself , is not taken into account)

Reminders are very important (as it is memory-based), as factors to success. The expected value, or average of its degree of importance is zero. (=> If the sum is zero, then the expected value also is.).

Priority is also a weight-heavy factor. Achieving a task before another could create a huge difference. The following assumptions explained above. Part of the explanation is within the Eisenhower’s matrix. The Urgent/Important principle is a simplification. Behind this, intuition leads to the fact that there are many distinct categories of tasks, depending on the environment (which involves an implicit cost – economic concept. In addition, difficulty of the task and whether it requires physical labor or human intelligence; the prepration, involving all the steps plus the material needed is considered as well. One more element is the preferences for the task.

However, the irrational mindset of procrastinating  is a often present, even sometimes at very alarming deadlines. Just saying to do the task enough at a certain extent. As motivation becomes fuel for action, willpower drives, and times metamorphoses into the path we take.  We might want to know how this process of transmation is made?

Success (S) depends on several factors: performance, luck, perseverance, discipline, just to name a few. And those factors, or sub-variables, depends on others variables. Example:

Perseverance (P) : Constant Standard Deviation of Performance over time                         Discipline (D) = Constant Willingness + Positive Thinking                                                           Where positive thinking equals motivation-driven thoughts (for example gettings ways to channel it, in multimedia) + Wish to Succeed

Self-Discipline could be translated by Mastering of the self or self-control, which are both key to success.

Latency. When delaying an action, (time factor), depending on the context, it might create

Similarly, when proceding too early, the. The right timing is vital in decision making, as it is the core detail for analysis of our next question.



Is Performance synonym of Return (Outcomes resulted from the flow of actions)

The proverb: sows the wind reaps the whirlwind (However, when dealing with numerical values, it is difficult to make gross simplications when changing the signs.

In Microeconomics, The marginal Willingness to pay is equal to the price of the good. In this model, the expected value marginal will power is equal to zero(the inverse, or negative, of willingness is reluctance), if in the long-term it is constant.

Impulsive behavior is emotionally driven.

Brain-Challenging activity takes away, thought of mind (TOM), current idea, inspiration 

These activity stimulate desire for food; furthermore, they create the desire to restart the process*.

Mind. Width of activity (also known as the range of focus) is the opposite of the depth of activity (known as the extent of focus).

Definition of Straightforwardness, Implicit and Explicit

Limit or Critical Value. In Calculus, the limit in derivatives.  In Statistics,The critical value in hypothesis testing

Where does (Mental) Energy comes from? A good night’s sleep is the basis, along with excellent nutrition and phyical exercice. These are the vital prerequisites to Energy. Artifically (the term is amibiguous), or psychologically, a happy event can channel positive energy, but sometimes can lead to unwanted activities, unintented consequences due to impulsive behavior. It is similar to fire, and to appease fire one needs water, which is the equivalent of taking breaks.

Trade. Fundamental Concept in Economics, trade provides stability to the economy. Trade sometimes create disequilibrium, but more likely to generate. It is the opposite of

The process of accumulation. Let the following: One assumes that total production is never negative.

Collective benefit vs individual benefit

In Statistical models, we can predict a set of data (numerical values), or quantitative figures. In our model we can predict qualitative and quantitative data.

If we generalise the concept of standard deviation, its application becomes much broader. For example, with the piano for reference, the middle C  is the <em>mean</em> of all possible values, because it is centered. Thus, the expected value the sum of  any notes above or below it will be the same.

Predict consequences: When doing so, time plays a crucial role.  It is possible to use a single factor regression analysis? Time is linear,

Moreover, confidence intervals is another method of delineating the possible range of values for a given variables. However, for Economics and Statistics, the main problem is the a surface graph; an additional variable would form a three dimensional representation that would not be convenient for the given data. Matrices could work, as they are studied in Linear Algebra. We will discuss them later on.

Similarly, what can we predict with respect to space? By observing

Because change is time driven, and only time is itself is utterly insufficient but space provides materialistic setting for calculating so. It is like listening without perceiving.*

The idiom” Lose a dollar to save a penny.” describes well many facets of life. In Chess, for the sake of a pawn (that is centered, crucial to control territory), one might exchange pieces, gaining back that pawn, at the stake of losing positional advantage.* Interesting fact that is, what enlightens curiosity to this problem is the unthinkable motive to act so. When we think from the outside, gaining an exterior point of view, our horizon broadens. We might think as well to provide ourself this perspective, however it needs to employ imagination, located to gray matter of the brain. Reconsider. Think twice, if not multiple times, for money involving purchases (a purchases can be done in other ways), life changing decisions, key information spreading and so on.

Quality vs Quantity. The first one is often preferred to the second one, mainly because of

Lying and honesty

Illusion vs Reality